Family and domestic violence (FDV) is a pattern of behaviours intended to coerce, control and create fear within an intimate (current and former partners) or family relationship. Most perpetrators of FDV use a range of violent, abusive and controlling behaviours that include physical violence, sexual violence, emotional abuse, undermining or disrupting parenting, using or harming children to coerce or control their mother, financial abuse and social isolation. The use of violence and abuse is deliberate, intentional and usually escalates over time. Children exposed to FDV can suffer significant harm to their wellbeing including:
This chapter provides guidance and support tools for staff when responding to family and domestic violence including assessment, safety planning, engaging perpetrators and the benefit of Violence Restraining Orders (VROs). The purpose and role of the Family and Domestic Violence Response Teams (FDVRTs) is also discussed in this chapter.
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 Wellbeing is a broad term inclusive of a child's health, safety, development and care.